The symptoms of gonorrhea usually seem within one to 3 weeks after infection. Within men, signs include a white to yellow-green penile discharge, burning pain while urinating and deep, hurting pain or pressure in the genitals. In women, there may be unpleasant and frequent urination, heavy, aching pain in the lower abdomen and, rarely, a vaginal discharge. Pharyngeal gonorrhea (in the mouth area and throat) may produce a sore throat; anal gonorrhea occasionally causes pain in the region around the trou and a slight discharge. On the other hand, in 10 to 20 percent of as well as up to 80 percent of women, there are no identified symptoms at all.

Untreated, gonorrhea commonly influences the urethra in men, making urination extremely painful and difficult; it may progress to chronic obstruction and infertility. In women, the disease can attack the fallopian tubes and other pelvic organs (pelvic inflammatory disease), leading to pain, fever and, very likely, infertility. The risk of infertility boosts with each infection: 75 percent of women who have had three infections involving the pelvic organs are infertile. In both sexes, untreated gonorrhea may cause rheumatoid arthritis, or in a generalized bacterial illness affecting the very center and nervous system. If a female has active gonorrhea at the time of delivery, her baby may develop long lasting blindness.

Thankfully, once it is diagnosed, gonorrhea can be treated quickly and effectively with antibiotics.

A diagnosis of Chlamydia gonorrhea can be made by a microscopic examination of the discharge or a cervical smear; or, more reliably, by a culture that takes two days to incubate. Typically the culture should be repeated one week after treatment.


Syphilis

Syphilis is caused by an organism called a spirochete that is spread through sexual contact. About 20, 000 instances a year are noted to United States health authorities, but it is highly probable that several thousands more are not reported.

The disease has 3 stages. First, skin ulcers (chancres), which are usually painless, appear in the genital area. The blessure may erupt anywhere from 10 to 90 days after infection. Men may see them on the penis, in women they usually form inside the vagina and may easily be overlooked. These sores heal in a few weeks, departing little or no scarring damage. Meanwhile, the spirochetes circulate in the bloodstream and, in a few days, produce the symptoms of the 2nd stage of the disease: fever, swollen boucle and reddish rash. these signs then also go away, even without treatment, within 10 days to two weeks; the disease becomes latent and, within two years, no longer infectious. the third stage may develop without warning, years later. Within this final stage, there is tissue damage in the brain and the nervous system, the heart, liver, bone and epidermis. In up to one-third of untreated individuals, this destruction may lead to death.

In case a woman infected with syphilis becomes pregnant, or contracts the disease while, there is a high risk that her infant will be stillborn or suffer from severe birth abnormalities.

Syphilis is most accurately diagnosed by a blood vessels test. It could be treated effectively with penicillin or other antibiotics. Periodic tests should be done for two years after treatment to make certain that the disease is cured. As is the situation with all physically transmitted diseases, sexual lovers should learn immediately, and examined and treated.

Venereal Warts

Venereal warts (condylomata acuminata), cauliflower-like and red, are caused by a virus and are thought to be almost exclusively sexually transmitted. In women, they appear around the vagina and rectum, growing faster where they come in contact with any vaginal discharge and being greatly aggravated by being pregnant. In men, they show up on the penis and rectal area.

A wart-removing compound may be approved, although it is not recommended for use during pregnancy since it could be dangerous to the fetus. The compound should be used carefully and applied only to the surface of the warts. Regarding six hours after software, a sitz bath should be taken to remove any excess. Over-the-counter preparations is never used; the vaginal tissues are too delicate for such products. Sometimes it is necessary to remove venereal warts by electro-cauterization (burning) or by surgery.

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